We’re on the road. Last week saw the public launch event of the Driverless Futures? project. Thanks to Nesta and our funders, the Alan Turing Institute and the Economic and Social Research Council, we hosted 150 people for an evening discussion in the middle of London. We were also lucky to have minister for transport Jesse Norman on one of his rare days without a constitutionally groundbreaking parliamentary debate. The minister arrived (by bike) from Parliament to introduce the event.
He began with the opening sentence of one of our launch publications: ‘Less than a decade ago, self-driving cars seemed impossible. Now, we are told, they are inevitable.’
“I certainly don’t regard them as impossible, but I don’t regard them as inevitable either. That means there’s a gap in the middle that needs to be filled by intelligent reflection and good public policy… It’s a topic of enormous interest to me. I couldn’t be more delighted to see Driverless Futures taking it up as they have done.”
As anyone who has been following policy in this area would expect, he made much of the economic opportunities, but advocated a cautious approach, learning from the rapid emergence of cars in 20th-Century cities:
“That transition was not well-understood… These changes took place and there wasn’t that reflective understanding of where they were going… and it’s arguable that other countries made better choices than we did… It’s a cautionary tale, I think, for what can happen if you don’t adopt the kind of inclusive and comprehensive view to which Driverless Futures as a project is a potentially huge contributor.”
In response to audience questions about the possible ethical dilemmas raised by artificial intelligence in the wild, the minister hinted at his background in academic philosophy. He argued against the view the assumption that ethics could just be programmed into machines:
“Someone has made a decision within a company that a vehicle will have a certain set of outcomes when presented with a certain set of use cases, so when someone dies under those circumstances, it’s much easier potentially to say ’well this isn’t some random activity because the person was distracted etc. This is the result of a concrete human decision at some point’.”
He then took issue with the view, prevalent in regulatory debates, that new technologies require the tearing up and rewriting of existing laws. Norman’s view, following Edmund Burke, on whom he has literally written the book, is that “We have hundreds of years of liability law in this country… which has intelligence encoded within it.” The Burkean tradition is to be sceptical of innovation for innovation’s sake, which transport planners might agree is a sensible starting point.
For the panel discussion that followed, we added Lucy Yu from FiveAI, whose self-driving cars have just started trials on London’s streets, Sarah Castell from IpsosMORI, Steve Gooding from the RAC Foundation and Paul Nightingale, director of strategy at the ESRC. Each of them, from their different standpoints, highlighted the social complexities that should be acknowledged, but are often neglected, as exuberance builds around new technologies.
Earlier in the day, our project also benefitted from the collective wisdom of more than 40 stakeholders from the worlds of transport and tech. We made them discuss a host of topics from data-sharing to car-sharing and crash investigation to segregated highways. Their insights will help us hone our research questions over the summer.
We are enormously grateful to all of our workshop participants, speakers and audience members, as well as Nesta, ESRC and the Turing Institute.
We hope a video will be available shortly. Watch this space.
In the meantime, take a look at some of the publications we released to coincide with the launch:
Tom Cohen: Warning: we may be sleep-walking into an automated vehicle future, Intelligent transport